We have just witnessed the end of a very dramatic election, and as I write this essay we do not yet have the future coalition mapped out, in terms of both the guidelines of the new government and the appointments of government ministers, and the resulting character of the new government. This is therefore a good opportunity to go beyond my own personal region of comfort and take a broader look including my friends and colleagues throughout the realm of religious Zionism, with all of its branches. This broad group has lately been tapped as a source for votes by at least six of the parties (Bayit Yehudi, Likud, Yachad-Yishai, Yesh Atid, Kulanu-Kathlon, and the Zionist Union). But I will focus today on the two "home parties" – Bayit Yehudi (The Jewish Home), from which large chunks have been taken, and "Yachad," which has taken a harsh beating. Both were marketed as parties that hold high the banner of religious Zionism as their basic philosophy (together with other ideals), and as stalwarts of the tenets of religious Zionism: rightist nationalism, deep involvement in all walks of life in the country, and the demand for establishing a country with a Jewish character.
In terms of ideological outlook (and not political activity), I can detect in these two parties an expression of two opposite poles of religious Zionism. One of them actively seeks cooperation – including on a social level – with Jews who are not at all or not strictly religious and with those who act in line with the old traditions. The other one wants to join together with the nationalistic Chareidi groups , especially those who stem from the Sephardi sector.